Glossary of Terms and Acronyms

8.5 Square Mile Area
An area of low-lying land west of the L-31 North canal in Miami-Dade County.
Accretion
The gradual addition of new material to existing material.
Accuracy
The closeness of a measured value to the true value. Acre-foot The volume of water (43,560 cubic feet or 1,233.4 cubic meters), that will cover an area of one acre to a depth of one foot.
Action Plan
A plan that describes what needs to be done and when it needs to be completed.
Activity
An element of work performed during the course of a project; an activity normally has an expected duration, cost and resource requirements, and may be divided into tasks.
Adaptive Assessment
A process for learning and incorporating new information into the planning and evaluation phases of the restoration program. This process ensures that the scientific information produced for this effort is converted into products that are continuously used in management decision making.
Adaptive Assessment Team (AAT)
An interagency, interdisciplinary task team of the RECOVER Leadership Group, which is responsible for design and revision of conceptual models and regional monitoring, preparation of the Annual Adaptive Assessment Report and coordination of science peer reviews.
Adverse Impact
A detrimental effect relative to desired or baseline conditions.
Affected Environment
Existing biological, physical, social and economic conditions of an area subject to change, both directly and indirectly, as a result of a proposed human action.
Agricultural Privilege Tax
An annual tax levied on farming activities in the Everglades Agricultural Area and C-139 Basins to support Phase 1 of the Everglades Program.
Air Quality
A measure of the health-related and visual characteristics of the air, often derived from quantitative measurements of the concentrations of contaminating or injurious substances.
Annual Report Card
A document produced annually by the RECOVER Leadership Group as a means of informing the public on the progress being made toward meeting the goals and targets of the Comprehensive Plan
Anthropogenic
Human-created or caused.
Apple Snails
The Florida Apple Snail (Pomacea paludosa), a gastropod mollusk commonly found in shallow wetland environments in wetland environments in south Florida, which is the primary food of the endangered Everglades Snail Kite.
Aquatic
Consisting of, relating to or being in water; living or growing in, on or near the water; or taking place in or on the water.
Aquifer
An underground geologic formation, a bed or layer of earth, gravel or porous stone, that yields water or in which water can be stored.
Aquifer Storage and Recovery [ASR]
A technology for storage of water in a suitable aquifer via a well during times when excess water is available and recovery from the same aquifer when the water is needed to meet peak emergency or long-term water demands.
Audit
A formal and detailed examination of the progress, costs, operations, results or some other aspect of a project or system.
Authorization
An act by the Congress of the United States which authorizes use of public funds to carry out a prescribed action.
Back Pumping
The process of pumping water in a manner in which the water is returned to its source.
Base Year Condition
A projection of the most likely future condition (e.g., water quality condition) at the time that the project becomes operational.
Baseline
The initial approved plan for schedule, cost or performance management, plus or minus approved changes, to which deviations will be compared as the project proceeds.
Basin
A large area of lower elevation than surrounding areas.
Benthic
The bottom of rivers, lakes or oceans, and the organisms that live on the bottom of water bodies.
Best Management Practices [BMPs]
The best available land, industrial and waste management techniques or processes that reduce pollutant loading from land use or industry, or which optimizing water use.
Biodiversity
The number and variety of organisms found within a specified geographic region; or the variability among living organisms on the earth, including the variability within and between species and within and between ecosystems.
Biological Opinion
A document issued under the authority of the Endangered Species Act stating the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and/or National Marine Fisheries Service finding as to whether a Federal action is likely to jeopardize the continued existence of a threatened or endangered species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of a critical habitat. This document may include a description of the Critical Habitat, and offer either a Jeopardy Opinion or a No Jeopardy Opinion.
Budget At Completion [BAC]
The estimated total cost of the project when done.
Budgeted Cost of Work Performed [BCWP]
The sum of the approved cost estimates, including any overhead allocation, for activities completed during a given period [see also Earned Value].
Budgeted Cost of Work Scheduled [BCWS]
The sum of the approved cost estimates, including any overhead allocation, for activities scheduled to be performed during a given period.
 
Canal
A human-made waterway that is used for draining or irrigating land or for navigation by boat.
Candidate Species
A plant or animal species not yet officially listed as threatened or endangered on a national level, but which is undergoing status review by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service or the National Marine Fisheries Service.
Central and Southern Florida Project
A multi-purpose project, first authorized by Congress in 1948, which provides flood control, water supply protection, water quality protection and natural resource protection.
CERP Guidance Memorandum (CGM)
A document of prescribed format which officially captures decisions of the program managers and promulgates their guidance regarding implementation of the CERP. CGMs address an array of subjects including definitions, direction and procedures for reporting, web management, financial management and program controls.
Channel
A natural or artificial watercourse, with a definite bed and banks, to confine and conduct continuously or periodically flowing water. Chart of Accounts A numbering system used to monitor project costs by category, such as labor, supplies and materials.
Chlorophyll
Green pigments found in plants, which are essential for photosynthesis.
Coastal Ridge
Area of land bordering the coast whose topography is elevated higher than land further inland.
Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan [CERP]
The plan for the restoration of the greater Everglades ecosystem.
Comprehensive Plan
See Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan.
Comprehensive Plan Refinement Team
An interagency, interdisciplinary task team of the RECOVER Leadership Group, which recommends refinements to the Comprehensive Plan and provides Comprehensive Plan Updates for Project Implementation Reports.
Confined Aquifer
An aquifer bounded above and below by impermeable or confining layers of distinctly lower permeability than the aquifer itself.
Conjunctive Use
The planned use of groundwater in conjunction with surface water in overall management to optimize water resources.
Constraint
A condition that is to be minimized or avoided in the plan formulation and selection process to ensure that the project component does not result in undesirable changes in the project area or downstream waters.
Contingency Planning
The development of a management plan that identifies alternative strategies to be used to ensure project success if specified risk events occur.
Contract
A mutually binding agreement that obligates one party to provide a specified product or service, and obligates the other to pay for it. Control A process for ensuring that reality or actual performance meets expectations or plans.
Control Structure
A human-created structure that regulates the flow of waters or the level of waters.
Conveyance Capacity
The rate, generally measured in cubic feet per second (cfs) at which water can be transported by a canal, aqueduct or ditch.
Cooperating Agency
An agency whose role is documented in a formal memorandum of agreement with the lead agency.
Cost Variance
Any difference between the estimated cost of an activity and the actual cost of that activity; in Earned Value, this is the Budgeted Cost of Work Performed less the Actual Cost of Work Performed.
Cost-Benefit Analysis
An analysis of the cost effectiveness of different alternatives in order to determine whether the benefits outweigh the costs.
Critical Activity
An activity or event that, if delayed, will delay some other important event, commonly the completion of a major project milestone or the project itself.
Critical Habitat
A description, which may be contained in a Biological Opinion, of the specific areas with physical or biological features essential to the conservation of a listed species and which may require special management considerations or protection; these areas have been legally designated via Federal Register notices.
Critical Path
The sequence of tasks that determines the minimum schedule for a project; if one task on the critical path is delayed, the schedule will be late.
Critical Projects or Critical Restoration Projects
Seven projects determined to be critical to the restoration of the South Florida ecosystem, which were authorized in 1996 prior to the CERP. These are comparatively small restoration projects undertaken by the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) and South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD), and are being implemented along with the CERP projects
Cubic Feet Per Second [cfs]
A measure of the volume rate of water movement; as a rate of stream flow, a cubic foot of water passing a reference section in one second of time.
Culvert
A concrete, metal or plastic passage that transports water under a road or embankment.
Dam
A human-created embankment that controls or confines water [dike].
Decomposition
The action of microorganisms causing the breakdown of organic compounds into simpler ones and the release of energy.
Deliverable
The clearly defined result, good or service produced during the project or at its outcome; this may include a report, plan or physical product.
Density
The mass per unit volume of a substance under specified conditions of pressure and temperature.
Design Agreement
A Cooperative Agreement between the Department of the Army and the local sponsor for the Design of Elements of the Comprehensive Plan.
Design Coordination Team [DCT]
Comprised of USACE, SFWMD and FDEP staff who meet regularly to provide for consistent and effective communication, coordination and issue resolution on projects included in the Design Agreement.
Design Documentation Report [DDR]
An implementation document that describes results of investigations, analyses and calculations made during the detailed design phase, and which provides the technical basis for the plans and specifications.
Discharge
The rate of water movement as volume per unit time, usually expressed as cubic feet per second.
Dissolved Oxygen (D.O.)
The concentration of oxygen dissolved in water, sometimes expressed as percent saturation, where saturation is the maximum amount of oxygen that theoretically can be dissolved in water at a given altitude and temperature.
Dry Season
The months associated with a lower incident of rainfall, hydrologically, for south Florida, October through April.
Dune
A mound or hill of sand created by dune grasses, which trap sand grains being moved across the
Duration
The period of time over which a task occurs, in contrast to effort, which is the amount of labor hours a task requires; duration establishes the schedule for a project, and effort establishes the labor costs.
Earned Value
A method for measuring project performance; it compares the amount of work that was planned with what was actually accomplished to determine if cost and schedule performance are as planned; this is the Budgeted Cost of Work Performed for an activity or group of activities.
Ecology
The science of the relationships between organisms and their environments, also called bionomics; or the relationship between organisms and their environment.
Ecosystem
An ecological community together with its environment, functioning as a unit.
Effectiveness
A measure of the quality of attainment in meeting objectives; this is distinguished from efficiency, which is measured by the volume of output achieved for the input used.
Effort
The amount of work or labor, in hours or workdays, required to complete a task; effort is used to establish the labor costs associated with a project.
Endangered Species
Any species or subspecies of amphibian, bird, fish, mammal, reptile or plant that is in serious danger of becoming extinct throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
Enhancement
Measures which develop or improve the quality or quantity of existing resources beyond a condition or level that would have occurred without an action.
Environmental and Economic Equity [EEE]
A program-level activity, referred to in early phases of the program as Socioeconomic and Environmental Justice, which provides a framework for the activities and analyses related to the social aspects of implementing the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan.
Environmental Consequences
The impacts to the affected environment that are expected from implementation of a given alternative.
Environmental Impact Statement [EIS]
An analysis required by the National Environmental Policy Act for all major Federal actions, which evaluates the environmental risks of alternative actions.
Epiphyte
An air plant that receives water and nutrients from the air and rain, and which usually uses other plants for support.
Estimate
An assessment of the likely quantitative result; usually applied to project costs and durations, and which should include some indication of accuracy.
Estimate at Completion
The expected total cost of an activity, group of activities or of the project when the defined scope of work has been completed.
Estuary
The part of the wide lower course of a river where its current is met by ocean tides; or an arm of the sea at the lower end of a river; where freshwater and salt water meet.
Eutrophication
The natural or cultural enrichment of an aquatic environment with plant nutrients leading to rapid ecological changes and high productivity.
Evaluate
To appraise or determine the value of information, options or resources being provided to a project.
Evaluation Criteria
Specific criteria developed by the PDT to evaluate and compare alternative plans, and to aid in optimizing the design of the selected alternative plan to achieve a desired condition.
Evaporation
The process by which water is released to the atmosphere by evaporation from the water surface or movement from a vegetated surface (transpiration).
Evapotranspiration [ET]
Water evaporated from plant and soil surfaces or transpired by plant tissues.
Everglades Agricultural Area [EAA]
Land in the northern Everglades that was drained for agricultural development.
Everglades Construction Project [ECP]
Composed of twelve inter-related construction projects located between Lake Okeechobee and the Everglades, the cornerstone of which is six stormwater treatment areas (constructed wetlands) totaling over 47,000 acres, which use biological processes to reduce the level of phosphorous entering the Everglades to an interim goal of 50 parts per billion.
Everglades Stormwater Program
A program to ensure that water quality standards are met at all structures not included in the Everglades Construction Project.
Everglades Trust Fund
A fund created by law (Chapter 97-258, Florida Statutes) to support ecosystem restoration.
Exotic Species
An introduced species not native to the place where it is found.
Extirpated Species
A species that has become extinct in a given area.
Facilitator
One who makes it easier for others to accomplish objectives by offering advice and assistance in solving problems.
Fallow land
Cultivated land that lies idle during a growing season.
Feasibility Study
The phase of a project whose purpose is to describe and evaluate alternative plans and fully describe a recommended project.
Federally Endangered Species
An Endangered Species which is officially designated by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service or the National Marine Fisheries Service and published in the Federal Register.
Float
The amount of time for a task to be freely scheduled without affecting other tasks in a project; also, the difference between the duration available for a task and the duration required to complete it [also known as slack or slack time].
Flocculent
Comprised of or containing woolly masses.
Flood Control Storage Capacity
Reservoir capacity reserved for the purpose of regulating flood inflows to reduce flood damage downstream [compare with reservoir storage capacity].
Floodplain
Land next to a stream or river that is flooded during high-water flow.
Flow
The volume of water passing a given point per unit of time, including In-stream Flow Requirements, Minimum Flow and Peak Flow.
Gantt Chart
A chart that uses timelines and other symbols to illustrate multiple, time-based activities or project on a horizontal time scale.
Geographic Information System
An information system that is designed to work with data referenced by spatial or geographic coordinates; it is both a database system with specific capabilities for spatially-referenced data, as well as a set of operations for working with and analysis of data.
Geospatial Data
Information that includes, but is not limited to surveys, maps, aerial photography, aerial imagery, and biological, ecological and hydrological modeling coverages.
Go / No-Go Indicator
A level of measurement that shows whether an object's dimension is within certain limits, and can allow a decision as to whether to change, terminate or continue an activity or project.
Goal
Something to be achieved. Goals can be established for outcomes (results) or outputs (efforts).
Greater Everglades Ecosystem
An area consisting of the lands and waters within the boundary of the South Florida Water Management District, including the built environment, the Everglades, the Florida Keys and the contiguous near shore coastal waters of South Florida [also shown under South Florida Ecosystem].
Groundwater
Water stored underground in pore spaces between rocks and in other alluvial materials and in fractures of hard rock occurring in the saturated zone.
Groundwater Level
The water level in a well, which is a measure of the hydraulic head in the aquifer system.
Groundwater Pumping
The quantity of water extracted from groundwater storage.
Groundwater Seepage
The groundwater flow in response to a hydraulic gradient.
Groundwater Table
The upper surface of the zone of saturation, except where the surface is formed by an impermeable body.
Habitat
The area or environment where an organism or ecological community normally lives or occurs.
Hammock
Localized, thick stands of trees that can grow on natural rises of only a few inches in the land.
Hectare
A unit of measure in the metric system equal to 10,000 square meters or 2.47 acres. Heterogeneity The quality of being diverse, not comparable in kind, unlike, dissimilar or not uniform.
Hierarchical Planning
A planning approach in which each managerial level breaks planning tasks into the activities that must be done at that level, and which establishes the objectives for the next-lower level of planning.
Hydrologic Condition
The state of an area pertaining to the amount and form of water present.
Hydrologic Response
An observed increase or decrease of water in a particular area.
Hydrology
The scientific study of the properties, distribution and effects of water on the earth's surface, in the soil and underlying rocks, and in the atmosphere
Hydropattern
A depiction of water levels through annual cycles; this includes water depth and duration, along with quantity, timing and distribution of surface water to a specific area.
Hydroperiod
For non-tidal wetlands, the average duration of flooding, which is based only on the presence of surface water and not its depth.
In-stream Flow Requirements
The amount of water flowing through a stream course needed to sustain in-stream values.
Independent Technical Review Team
A group autonomous of the PDT established to conduct reviews to ensure that design products are consistent with established criteria, guidance, procedures and policies.
Indicator Species
An organism, species or community which indicates the presence of certain environmental conditions.
Information Management
The processes and tools to manage documents, data and information that are critical to implementation of the Comprehensive Plan.
Initiation
The process of formally recognizing that a new projects exists or that an existing project should continue into the planning phase of the project.
Invertebrate
An animal that does not have a backbone; examples include crayfish, insects and mollusks.
Irrigation Water
Water made available from the project which is used primarily in the production of agricultural crops or livestock, including domestic use incidental thereto, and the watering of livestock; this also includes water used for domestic uses, such as the watering of landscaping or pasture for animals which are kept for personal enjoyment.
Jeopardy
Opinion The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service or National Marine Fisheries Service opinion that an action is likely to jeopardize the continued existence of a listed species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of critical habitat; the finding includes reasonable and prudent alternatives, if any.
Juvenile
Young fish older than one year but not having reached reproductive age.
Lag
The amount of time after one task is started or completed before the next task can be started or completed.
Land Classification
An economic classification of variations in land reflecting its ability to sustain long-term agricultural production.
Landfill
A method of waste disposal wherein materials are buried; environmental protection laws require the sites to be constructed with impermeable barriers to prevent hazardous wastes or pollutants from escaping to the surrounding soils or air.
Latitude
The angular distance north or south of the earth's equator, measured in degrees along a meridian.
Levee
A human-created embankment that controls or confines water.
Leveling
The process of shifting the use of resources to even out the workload of team members and resources.
Limnology
The scientific study of the physical characteristics and biology of lakes, streams and ponds.
Littoral Zone
The shore of land surrounding a water body that is characterized by periodic inundation or partial saturation by water level, and is typically defined by the species of vegetation found there.
Local Sponsor
The entity that is partnering with the Federal Government to complete a specific project or program; in the case of the Comprehensive Plan, the local sponsor for the majority of the program is the South Florida Water Management District.
Lock
An enclosure in a canal with gates at each end used to pass boats from location to another.
Longitude
The angular distance on the earth's surface, measured east or west from the prime meridian at Greenwich, England, to the meridian passing through a position, expressed in degrees (or hours), minutes and seconds.
Macrophytes
Visible plants found in aquatic environments, including sawgrass, sedges and lilies.
Management Measure
A feature or activity that can be implemented at a specific geographical site to address one or more of the planning objectives, and which is a building block of an alternative plan.
Mangrove Forest
A community of mangrove trees that may consist of the red mangrove, black mangrove and white mangrove. Marl Soil comprised of clays, carbonates and shell remains.
Marsh
An area of low-lying wetlands. Mass Loading The mass of material entering an area per unit time, such as phosphorus loading, generally expressed as metric tons per year.
Master Program Management Plan [MPMP]
A document which describes the framework and processes to be used by the USACE and the SFWMD for managing and monitoring implementation of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan.
Master Schedule
A summary-level schedule that identifies the major activities and key milestones.
Matrix Organization
An organizational structure that uses functional supervisors as well as project supervisors to manage the same people, depending upon the assignment.
Mercury
A heavy metal that is toxic to most organisms when converted into a byproduct of inorganic-organic reaction; it is distributed into the environment mostly as residual particles from industrial processes.
Mesohaline
The next salinity region [after Oligohahine] of an estuary, of typically five to fifteen parts per thousand.
Metadata
Definitional data that provides information about or documentation of other data managed within an application or environment (e.g., data elements or attributes and data about records or data structures).
Methylmercury
A particularly toxic organic form of mercury that concentrates in aquatic food webs.
Milestone
A clearly identifiable point in a project that summarizes the completion of a related or important set of tasks. M
ilestone Schedule
A summary-level schedule that identifies the major milestones.
Minimum Flow
The lowest flow in a specified period of time.
Minimum Flows and Levels [MFLs]
A calculation that uses the best available information to calculate a minimum flow and minimum level for each water body, and that reflects seasonal variations when appropriate; Florida Statute requires water management districts to set water levels for each major body of water at which further withdrawals would be significantly to the water resources or ecology of the area.
Mitigation
To make less severe; to alleviate, diminish or lessen; one or all of the following may comprise mitigation: (1) avoiding an impact altogether by not taking a certain action or parts of an action; (2) minimizing impacts by limiting the degree or magnitude of an action and its implementation; (3) rectifying an impact by repairing, rehabilitating or restoring the affected environment; (4) reducing or eliminating an impact over time by preservation and maintenance operations during the life of an action; and (5) compensating for an impact by replacing or providing substitute resources or environments.
Model
A way of looking at reality, usually for the purpose of abstracting and simplifying it to make it understandable in a particular context; this may be a plan to describe how a project will be completed, or a tool to mathematically represent a process which could be based upon empirical or mathematical functions.
Monitoring
The capture, analysis and reporting of project performance, usually as compared to plan.
Muck lands
Fertile soil containing putrid vegetative matter. Network Diagram The visual logical representation of tasks that defines the sequence of work in a project.
No Jeopardy Opinion
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service or National Marine Fisheries Service finding that an action is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of a listed species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of critical habitat.
Non-consumptive Water Use
Water uses that do not substantially deplete water supplies, including, for example, swimming, boating, water skiing, fishing, maintenance of stream-related fish and wildlife habitat, hydropower generation and other uses.
Nutrients
Elements essential as raw materials for the growth of an organism.
Objective
A goal expressed in specific, directly measurable terms.
Oligohaline
A low salinity region of an estuary, of typically 0.5 to 5.0 parts per thousand.
Operations Planning Team
An interagency, interdisciplinary task team of the RECOVER Leadership Group, which assists in design of operational criteria for plan components and recommends operational improvements during plan implementation.
Other Program Element [OPE]
One of twelve components identified in the Comprehensive Plan which will be implemented through programs other than CERP, including the Critical Restoration Projects Authority, or which will be implemented with an appropriate local sponsor under separate Design Agreements and Project Management Plans.
Outcome
An end result; for purposes of the CERP, a quality of the restored south Florida ecosystem.
Output
Levels of work and effort. For purposes of the CERP, the products or services produced by a project or program.
Outreach
Proactive communication and productive involvement with the public to best meet the water resource needs of South Florida.
Oxygen Demand
The biological or chemical demand of oxygen dissolved in water; required by biological processes for respiration.
Peak Flow
The maximum instantaneous flow in a specified period of time.
Peat
Soil rich in humus or organic material (exerts of oxygen demand) which is highly porous.
Percolation
The downward movement of water through the soil or alluvium to the groundwater table.
Performance Measure
A desired result stated in quantifiable terms to allow for an assessment of how well the desired result has been achieved; or a quantitative indicator, along with a target, used to determine the degree to which an alternative plan meets the planning objective, and compare the relative performance of alternative plans.
Periphyton
The biological community of microscopic plants and animals attached to surfaces in aquatic environments, for example algae.
Permeability
A measure of a porous material's ability to allow fluids or gases to flow through its pores; an important property of rocks that determines how much and how rapidly fluids or gases can move through them, for example, how much water can be pumped from an aquifer.
Phosphorus [P]
An element or nutrient required for energy production in living organisms; distributed into the environment mostly as phosphates by agricultural runoff and life cycles; frequently the limiting factor for growth of microbes and plants.
Physiographic
The genesis and evolution of land forms.
Pilot Projects
Projects designed to address uncertainties associated with projects and to determine the feasibility, as well as optimum design, of a facility prior to embarking upon full scale implementation of the feature.
Pineland
Nearly level land composed of coarse, poorly drained soils and dominated by pine trees.
Planktivore
A plankton eating organism.
Portfolio
A group of projects that are being worked on at the same time or that have been completed and are used as an indicator of ability.
Potable Water
Water that can be consumed by humans without ill effects; government agencies have adopted standards of quality that specify limits of chemical constituents in water sources.
Potentiometric Surface
An imaginary surface defined by the level to which water in an aquifer would rise in a well due to the natural pressure in the rocks.
Prairie
Land predominately covered in grasses.
Pre-Construction Engineering and Design Phase [PED]
The phase of project development that follows the study phase and precedes the construction phase. While the Comprehensive Plan comprised the study phase of this program, Project Implementation Reports, Detailed Design and Plans and Specifications comprise the PED phase.
Precedence
When one task must be completed before another, the first is said to have precedence over the second.
Precipitation
Water discharged from the atmosphere in the form of fog, rain, sleet, hail or snow.
Pro Forma
Projected or anticipated; usually applied to financial data.
Program
A group of related projects managed in a coordinated manner; programs usually include an element of on-going activity.
Program Area
Geographical expanse of program; for CERP, approximately 18,000 square miles from Orlando to the Florida Reef Tract, including the Everglades, Big Cypress, Lake Okeechobee, Florida Bay, Biscayne Bay, the Florida Reef Tract, near shore coastal waters, the Atlantic Coastal Ridge, the Florida Keys, Immokalee Rise and the Kissimmee River Valley.
Program Controls
A set of activities to ensure successful implementation of the Comprehensive Plan on schedule and within budget; includes information management, financial management and schedule management.
Program Management
A structure and set of strategies to be used during the implementation phase, which build upon the interagency partnership, implementation guidelines and successful strategies developed during the Restudy's feasibility planning phase.
Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement [PEIS]
An environmental impact statement prepared prior to a Federal agency's decision regarding a major program, plan or policy, which usually is broad in scope and followed by subsequently more narrowly focused National Environmental Policy Act compliance documents.
Programmatic Regulations
Section 601(h) of WRDA 2000 states that the overarching purpose of the Comprehensive Plan is the restoration, preservation and protection of the south Florida ecosystem while providing for the other water-related needs of the region, including water supply and flood protection. The purpose of the regulations is to ensure that the goals and objectives of CERP are achieved.
Project
A sequence of tasks with a beginning and an end that uses time and resources to produce specific results. Each project has a specific, desired outcome, a deadline or target completion date and a budget that limits the amount of resources that can be used to complete the project.
Project Cooperation Agreement [PCA]
A document that describes the roles and responsibilities of the USACE and SFWMD for real estate acquisition, construction, construction management and operations and maintenance.
Project Delivery Team [PDT]
An interdisciplinary group formed from the resources of the implementing agencies, which develops the products necessary to deliver the project.
Project Duration
The time it takes to complete an entire project from starting the first task to finishing the last task.
Project End Date
Construction completion date, unless otherwise stated.
Project Implementation Report [PIR]
A decision document that will bridge the gap between the conceptual design contained in the Comprehensive Plan and the detailed design necessary to proceed to construction.
Project Management
A discipline of combining systems, techniques and people to complete a project within established goals of time, budget and quality.
Project Management Information System
A system used to chart activities and data and to track progress and information flow in a project.
Project Management Plan [PMP]
A document which establishes the project's scope, schedule, costs, funding requirements and technical performance requirements, including the various functional area's performance and quality criteria that will be used to produce and deliver the products that comprise the project.
Project Management Process
The phases of initiating, planning, executing, controlling and closing that can help project managers to bring projects in on time and within budget.
Project Manager
A person who takes overall responsibility for coordinating a project to ensure the desired result comes in on time and within budget.
Project Name
A specific project identified in the latest CERP Master Implementaiton schedule, typically derived from the components identified in the Central and Southern Florida Comprehensive Review Study Final Integrated Feasibility Report and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement [April 1999].
Project Phase
A collection of logically related project activities, usually culminating in the completion of a major deliverable. The Pre-Construction, Engineering and Design [PED] project phase includes the Project Implementation Report [PIR], Detailed Design and Plans and Specifications. The Construction project phase includes Construction, Construction Management and Real Estate Acquisition. Operations and Maintenance [O&M] comprise another project phase.
Project Purpose
The primary output or benefit to be achieved by a project component, as described in the project purpose statements in Chapter 9 and Appendix A4 of the Comprehensive Plan (e.g., flood damage reduction, water supply enhancement, water quality improvement, ecosystem restoration or recreational enhancement).
Project Sponsor
A governmental entity partnering with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to jointly execute the project as part of the CERP; can be the South Florida Water Management District, a State of Florida Agency, a local government within the State of Florida or a Tribal Government.
Project Start Date
The beginning of the Pre-Construction Engineering and Design phase.
Proposed Action
A plan that a Federal agency intends to implement or undertake and which is the subject of an environmental analysis; this is usually, but not always, the agency's preferred alternative for a project; the proposed action and all reasonable alternatives are evaluated against the no action alternative.
PSTA
PSTA or "periphyton-based stormwater treatment area", a water quality treatment system that utilizes "periphyton" as a dominant component. Periphyton is a mat-like assemblage of algae, phytoplankton and other microscopic organisms that occurs naturally in the Everglades. Periphyton is important to phosphorous removal technology because it has been demonstrated that the calcareous mat removes phosphorous from water.
Public Involvement
The process of obtaining citizen input into each stage of the development of planning documents, and which is required as a major input into any environmental impact statement. Pump Station A human constructed structure that uses pumps to transfer water from one location to another.
Quality Assurance [QA]
The process of evaluating overall project performance on a regular basis to provide confidence that the project will satisfy the relevant quality standards.
Quality Control [QC]
The process of monitoring specific project results to determine if they comply with relevant quality standards, and identifying means of eliminating causes of unsatisfactory performance.
Receiving Waters
The water bodies immediately downstream of the project.
Recharge
The processes of water filling the voids in an aquifer, which causes the piezometric head or water table to rise in elevation.
Reconnaissance Study
The first phase of a USACE project; this phase is concerned with defining the problem, assessing the sponsor's level of interest and support, deciding to progress to the feasibility phase based on Federal interest, and estimating the time and money to complete the feasibility study.
Record of Decision
A concise, public legal document which identifies publicly and officially discloses the responsible official's decision on the alternative selected for implementation; it is prepared following completion of an Environmental Impact Statement.
RECOVER Leadership Group
A team, co-chaired by one staff member each from the USACE and the SFWMD, which has lead responsibility for the overall management of the RECOVER process, and is responsible for coordinating and integrating the activities of the RECOVER teams to ensure that the overall focus and direction of the implementation process remains consistent with the goals of system-wide restoration.
Release
An intentional opening up of water control structures to allow stored water to flow out to lower water stage to acceptable levels or to make available
Release Zone
The zone representing water level differentiation determining the manner of release to be performed, such as pulse releases to simulate a storm or gates wide open.
Request for Bids [RFB]
A type of procurement document and process used to select the lowest responsive and responsible offeror of a good or service.
Request for Proposals [ RRP]
A type of procurement document and process used to solicit proposals from prospective sellers of products or services; the selection process need not be lowest price-driven, rather, respondents may be evaluated on technical qualifications and other factors.
Request for Quotations [RFQ]
A type of procurement document or process used to solicit prices from prospective offerors of goods and services.
Reservoir
An artificially impounded body of water.
Reservoir Storage Capacity
Reservoir capacity normally usable for storage and regulation of reservoir inflows to meet established reservoir operating requirements [compare with flood control storage capacity].
Resources
The time, people, money, equipment and facilities used to complete a project.
Restoration
The recovery of a natural system's vitality and biological and hydrological integrity to the extent that the health and ecological functions are self-sustaining over time.
Restoration Coordination and Verification [RECOVER]
A program-level activity whose role is to organize and apply scientific and technical information in ways that are most effective in supporting the objectives of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan.
Restoration Objective Water Body
The major water body downstream of the project targeted for restoration benefits from the project.
Restudy
The Central and South Florida Project Comprehensive Review Study, authorized by the Water Resources Development Act of 1992, which examined the Central and Southern Project to determine the feasibility of modifying the project to restore the south Florida ecosystem and provide for other water-related needs of the region, and which resulted in The Final Integrated Feasibility Report and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement, which was transmitted to Congress on July 1, 1999.
Retainage
A portion of a contract payment that is held until contract completion in order to ensure full performance of the contract terms.
Riparian
Areas along or adjacent to a river or stream bank whose waters provide soil moisture significantly in excess of that otherwise available through local precipitation.
Risk Analysis
An evaluation of the feasibility or probability that the outcome of a project or policy will be the desired one; usually conducted to compare alternative scenarios, action plans or policies.
Scope
The sum of the products and services, in fact the magnitude of the effort, required to complete a project.
Scoping
The process of defining the extent and content of a study, primarily with respect to the issues, geographic area and alternatives to be considered.
Scrub
A community dominated by pinewoods with a thick understory of oaks and saw palmetto, and which occupies well-drained, nutrient-poor sandy soils.
Seepage
Water that escapes control through levees, canals or other holding or conveyance systems.
Semi-Confined Aquifer
A condition where the movement of groundwater is restricted sufficiently to cause differences in head between different depth zones of the aquifer during periods of heavy pumping, but during periods of minimal pumping the water levels recover to a level coincident with the water table.
Sheet Flow
Water movement as a broad front with shallow, uniform depth.
Slough
A depression associated with swamps and marshlands as part of a bayou, inlet or backwater; contains areas of slightly deeper water and a slow current; can be thought of as the broad, shallow rivers of the Everglades.
Solicitation
Obtaining quotations, bids, offers or proposals as appropriate for project work that is to be out-sourced.
South Florida Ecosystem
An area consisting of the lands and waters within the boundary of the South Florida Water Management District, including the built environment, the Everglades, the Florida Keys and the contiguous near-shore coastal waters of South Florida [also shown under Greater Everglades Ecosystem].
Spillway
An overflow structure of a dam.
Stakeholders
People or organizations having a personal or enterprise interest in the results of a project, who may or may not be involved in completing the actual work on that project.
Statement of Work
An integrated set of task descriptions, goal descriptions, risks and assumptions that accompany the evolving master project plan during its development; when completed, the statement of work details the work to be completed on a project and the contingencies for dealing with know risk factors.
Stormwater
Surface water resulting from rainfall that does not percolate into the ground or evaporate.
Stormwater Treatment Area [STA]
A human constructed wetland area to treat urban and agricultural runoff water before it is discharged to the natural areas.
Stream
A natural water course; an ephemeral stream flows briefly only in direct response to precipitation; an intermittent or seasonal stream is one that is on or in contact with the groundwater table and that flows only at certain times of the year when the groundwater table is high; a perennial stream flows continuously throughout the year.
Subcontract
To delegate tasks or project components to a contractor or other organization.
Subsidence
The lowering of the soil level caused by shrinkage of organic layers. This shrinkage is due to desiccation, consolidation and biological conditions.
Success Indicator
A subset of performance measures selected as a good representation of overall performance.
Surficial Aquifer
An aquifer that is closest to the surface and is unconfined; the water level of a surficial aquifer is typically associated with the groundwater table of an area.
Sustainability
The state of having met the needs of the present without endangering the ability of future generations to be able to meet their own needs.
Swale
A shallow depression in the land's surface which may be filled with water.
Swamp
A generally wet, wooded area where standing water occurs for at least part of the year.
Tailwater
Water immediately downstream of a water control structure.
Task
A cohesive unit of work on a project, which may include several steps (sub-tasks) that are conceptually related.
Threatened Species
Legal status afforded to plant or animal species that are likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of their range, as determined by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service or the National Marine Fisheries Service.
Tide
The periodic variation in the surface level of the oceans and of bays, gulfs, inlets and estuaries caused by gravitational attraction of the moon and sun.
Tiering
The procedure which allows an agency to avoid duplication of paperwork through incorporation by reference of the general discussions and relevant specific discussions from an environmental impact statement (EIS) of broader scope into a subsequent EIS of narrower scope.
Topography
A detailed, precise description of a place or region; or the graphic representation of the surface features of a place or region on a map, indicating their relative positions and elevations.
Total Quality Management [TQM]
A common approach to implementing a quality improvement program within a program or an organization. Total Supply Total water supply available to an area; surface water plus groundwater.
Trade-Off
Allowing one aspect of a project to change, usually for the worse, in return for another aspect of the project getting better.
Transmissivity
A property of an aquifer which defines the rate at which water moves through it.
Transpiration
Part of the life process of plants by which water vapor escapes from leaves and enters the atmosphere.
Treatment Wetlands
Constructed wetlands, known as stormwater treatment areas, to treat urban and agricultural runoff water before it is discharged to the natural areas throughout the system.
Tributary
A stream feeding into a larger stream, canal or waterbody.
Value Engineering Study
Review and analysis of a project during the design phase by a multi-disciplinary team whose objective is to: (1) investigate/analyze the design of an existing project; (2) analyze project functions and costs; (3) creatively speculate on alternative ways to perform the various functions; (4) evaluate the best and/or least life-cycle cost alternatives; (5) develop acceptable alternatives into fully supported recommendations; and (6) present the team's recommendations to management. Recommendations may include suggestions such as combining or eliminating otherwise inefficient or expensive parts of the original proposed design, or total redesign using different technologies, materials or methods. May also be called value analysis, value planning, value management, value methodology or other terms.
Vertebrate
An animal that has a backbone.
Vision
An aspiration for the future.
Wastewater Reuse
Utilization of water whose source contains contaminates from human activities.
Water Budget
An account of all water inflows, outflows and changes in storage for a pre-specified period of time.
Water Conservation Areas [WCAs]
Everglades marshland areas that were modified for use as storage to prevent flooding, to irrigate agriculture and recharge well fields and as input for agricultural and urban runoff. The Water Conservation Areas WCA-1, WCA-2A, WCA-2B, WCA-3A and WCA-3B comprise five surface water management basins in the Everglades; bounded by the Everglades Agricultural Area on the north and the Everglades National Park basin on the south, the WCAs are confined by levees and water control structures that regulate the inflows and outflows to each one of them. Restoration of more natural water levels and flows to the WCAs is a main objective of the CERP.
Water Preserve Areas [WPAs]
Multi-purpose water management areas planned between urban areas and the eastern Everglades, which will be utilized to treat urban runoff, store water, reduce seepage and improve existing wetland areas.
Water Quality Objective
A statement of something that an alternative plan should be formulated and designed to accomplish in order to achieve a project purpose.
Water Resources Development Act (WRDA)
A WRDA is legislation which provides for the conservation and development of water and related resources and authorizes the Secretary of the Army to construct various projects for improvements to rivers and harbors of the United States, and for other purposes deemed appropriate by the U.S. Congress and the President of the United States.
Water Table
In an aquifer, the upper surface of the zone of saturation under unconfined conditions; water in the rocks is at atmospheric pressure.
Watershed
A region or area bounded peripherally by a water parting and draining ultimately to a particular watercourse or body of water.
Wet Season
Hydrologically, for south Florida, the months associated with a higher than average incident of rainfall, May through September.
Wetlands
Areas that are inundated or saturated by surface water or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support a prevalence of vegetative or aquatic life that requires saturated or seasonally saturated soil conditions for growth and reproduction.
Wildlife Corridor
A pathway used by animals to transverse from one habitat arena to another.
Willing Sellers
A term used to describe individuals who would be interested in selling real estate holdings.
Win-Win Negotiation
When each party is better off after a negotiation has been completed.
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)
A deliverable-oriented grouping of project elements, which organizes and defines the scope of the project; this is a basic project listing or diagram that describes and documents all the work that must be done to complete the project, and forms the basis for project costing and scheduling.
Work Package
A deliverable at the lowest level of the work breakdown structure.

 

AE - Architect-Engineer
AAPB - Advanced Acquisition Planning Board
AAT - Adaptive Assessment Team (sub-team of RECOVER)
ACWP - Actual Cost of Work Performed
ADP - Automated Data Processing
ADR - Alternative Dispute Resolution
AE&D - Advanced Engineering and Design
AF - Acre Foot
AFB - Alternatives Formulation Briefing
AM - Adaptive Management
ASA(CW) - Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works
ASAP - As Soon As Possible
ASR - Aquifer Storage and Recovery
AST - Aboveground Storage Tanks
AWT - Advanced Wastewater Treatment

BA - Biological Assessment
BAC - Budget At Completion
BC - Benefit-Cost
BCNP - Big Cypress National Preserve
BCOE - "Bidability, Constructability, Operability and Environmental"
BCR - Benefit Cost Ratio
BCWP - Budgeted Cost of Work Performed
BCWS - Budgeted Cost of Work Scheduled
BEA - Bureau of Economic Analysis
BEBR - Bureau of Economic and Business Research
BMP - Best Management Practice
BNP - Biscayne National Park
BO - Biological Opinion
BOD - Biochemical Oxygen Demand
BRD - Biological Resources Division
BY - Budget Year

C - Canal
C&SF Project - Central and Southern Florida Project
C-111 - Canal 111
CAC - Content Area Coordinator
CADD - Computer Aided Design and Drafting
CAR - Coordination Act Report
CARL - Conservation and Recreational Lands
CAW - Content Area Webmaster
CBD - Commerce Business Daily
CBRA - Coastal Barrier Resources Act (COBRA)
CCAM - Carrying Capacity Analysis Model
CCAP - CGM Compliance Assessment Program
CCB - Change Control Board
CCCRF - CERP Change Control Request Form
CCMP - Comprehensive Conservation and Management Plan
Cd - Cadmium
CEFMS - Corps of Engineers Financial Management System
CEQ - Council on Environmental Quality
CERCLA - Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act
CERP - Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan
CESAJ - "U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Jacksonville District"
CFS - Cubic Feet Per Second (cfs)
CGM - CERP Guidance Memorandum
CGTC - CADD/GIS Technical Center
COB - Close of Business
COD - Chemical Oxygen Demand
Corps - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
CPM - Critical Path Method
CPN - Critical Path Network
CROGEE - Committee on Restoration of the Greater Everglades Ecosystem
CSDGM - Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
CSOP - Combined Structural and Operational Plan
Cu - Copper
CVM - Contingent Valuation Method
CWA - "Clean Water Act of 1972, as amended"
CWCCIS - Civil Works Construction Cost Index System
CY - Cubic yard
CZM - Coastal Zone Management
CZMA - Coastal Zone Management Act

DA - Department of the Army
DAR - Defense Acquisition Regulations
DCE - Design Construction Evaluation
DCT - Design Coordination Team
DDE - Deputy District Engineer
DDR - Design Documentation Report
DEIS - Draft Environmental Impact Statement
DEP - Department of Environmental Protection [Florida-FDEP]
DERP - Miami-Dade County Department of Environmental Resources Management
DLG - Digital Line Graph
DM - Design Memorandum
DO - Dissolved Oxygen [D.O.]
DoD - Department of Defense
DOD - Dissolved Oxygen Demand
DOE - Department of Energy
DOI - Department of the Interior
DOJ - Department of Justice
DOQQ - Digital Oration Quarter Quadrangle
DOT - Department of Transportation
DPA - Delegation of Procurement Authority
DPM - Deputy District Engineer for Programs & Project Management
DPR - Detailed Project Report
DPS - Detailed Project Study

E&D - Engineering and Design
EA - Environmental Assessment
EAA - Everglades Agricultural Area
EAB - Environmental Advisory Board
EAC - Estimate At Completion
EC - Engineering Circular
EDU - Equivalent Dwelling Unit
EEE - Environmental and Economic Equity
EEO - Equal Employment Opportunity
EEOC - Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
EFARS - Engineering Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement
EFH - Essential Fish Habitat
EI - Engineering Instruction
EIS - Environmental Impact Statement
ELM - Everglades Landscape Model
ENP - Everglades National Park
EO - Executive Order
EOC - Emergency Operations Center
EPA - Environmental Protection Agency
EPJV - Everglades Partners Joint Venture
EPR - External Peer Review
EQ - Environmental Quality
ER - Engineering Regulation
ERD - Engineering Documentation Report
ERDC - Engineering Research and Development Center
ESA - Endangered Species Act
ET - Evapotranspiration

F&A - Finance and Administration
F&M - Foundations and Materials
FACA - Federal Advisory Committee Act
FAD - Funding Authorization Document
FAP - Functional Area Plan
FAQs - Frequently Asked Questions
FAR - Federal Acquisition Regulation
FC - Flood Control
FCSA - Feasibility Cost Sharing Agreement
FDCA - Florida Department of Community Affairs
FDEP - Florida Department of Environmental Protection
FDOF - Florida Department of Forestry
FDOT - Florida Department of Transportation
FEIS - Final Environmental Impact Statement
FEMA - Federal Emergency Management Agency
FERC - Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FFWCC - Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission
FGDC - Federal Geographic Data Committee
FIFR - Final Integrated Feasibility Report
FIPS - Federal Information Processing Standards
FIU - Field Interface Unit
FKAA - Florida Keys Aqueduct Authority
FKCCS - Florida Keys Carrying Capacity Study
FKNMS - Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary
FLUCCS - "Florida Land Use, Cover and Forms Classification System"
FMRI - Florida Marine Research Institute
FNAI - Florida Natural Areas Inventory
FOIA - Freedom of Information Act
FONSI - Finding of No Significant Impact
FPFWCD - Fort Pierce Farm Water Control District
FRC - Feasibility Review Commission
FS - Feasibility Study
FSI - Formed Suction Intake
FSM - Feasibility Scoping Meeting
FWCA - Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act
FWCAR - Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act Report
FY - Fiscal Year

GAO - General Accounting Office
GDM - General Design Memorandum
GEER - Greater Everglades Ecosystem Restoration
GIS - Geographical Information Systems
GMS - Groundwater Modeling System
GPS - Global Positioning System
GRR - General Reevaluation Report
GSA - General Services Administration

H&H - Hydraulics and Hydrology
HAC - House Appropriations Committee
Hg - Mercury
HHD - Herbert Hoover Dike
HMS - Hydrologic Modeling System
HQUSACE - "Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers"
HSE - Hydrologic Systems Engine
HSG - Hydrologic Soil Group
HSPF - Hydrologic Simulation Program - Fortran
HTRW - "Hazardous, Toxic and Radioactive Waste"

I-95 - Interstate 95
IAS - Intermediate Aquifer System
IAW - In Accordance With
ICU - Intermediate Confining Unit
IDF - Inflow Design Flood
IDS - Integrated Delivery Schedule
IM
- Information Management
IMC - Interagency Modeling Center
IPR - In Progress Review
IPR - Internal Peer Review
IRC - Issue Resolution Conference
IRL - Indian River Lagoon
IRL-S - Indian River Lagoon-South
IT - Information Technology
ITR - Independent Technical Review
ITRT - Independent Technical Review Team
IWR - Institute for Water Resources

JMJV - Jacobs Montgomery Joint Venture

K - Hydraulic conductivity
KRR- Kissimmee River Restoration

L - Levee
LCPM - Life Cycle Project Management
LEC - "Lower East Coast planning region, SFWMD"
LERRD - "Lands. Easements, Rights-of-Way, Relocations and Disposal"
LIDAR - Light Detection and Ranging Survey Data
LILA - Loxahatchee Impoundment Landscape Assessment
LNWR - Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge
LWC - "Lower West Coast planning region, SFWMD"
LWCWSP - Lower West Coast Water Supply Plan

MAP - Monitoring and Assessment Plan
MCACES - Microcomputer Aided Cost Engineering System
MCC - Motor Control Center
MDRT - Model Development and Refinement Team
MEG - Model Evaluation Group
mg/l - Milligrams per liter
mgd - Million gallons per day
MIS - Master Implementation Schedule
MISP - Master Implementation Sequencing Plan
MLW - Mean Low Water
MOA - Memorandum of Agreement
MOU - Memorandum of Understanding
MPMP - Master Program Management Plan
MPS - Manatee Protection System
MSL - Mean Sea Level
MSRP - Multi-Species Recovery Plan
MWD - Modified Water Deliveries (to Everglades National Park)

NAD 27 - North American Datum of 1927 (superseded datum)
NAD 83 - North American Datum of 1983 (horizontal datum)
NAS - National Academy of Science
NAVD 88 - North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (vertical datum)
NED - National Economic Development
NEP - National Estuary Program
NEPA - National Environmental Policy Act
NER - National Ecosystem Restoration
NESS - Northeast Shark Slough
NGP - Noticed General Permit
NGVD - National Geodetic Vertical Datum
NHD - National Hydrography Dataset
Ni - Nickel
NIMBY - Not In My Back Yard
NLT - Not Later Than
NMFS - National Marine Fisheries Service
NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NPDES - National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
NRC - National Research Council
NPS - National Park Service
NRCS - Natural Resources Conservation Service
NSH - National System Hydrology
NSM - Natural Systems Model
NSSDA - National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy
NTE - Not To Exceed
NTP - Notice To Proceed
NWR - National Wildlife Refuge

O&M - Operations and Maintenance
O/A - On or About
OBS - Organizational Breakdown Structure
ODMDS - Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site
OER - "Office of Everglades Restoration, U.S. Department of the Interior"
OFW - Outstanding Florida Water
OMB - Office of Management and Budget
OMRR&R - "Operation, Maintenance, Rehabilitation, Repair and Replacement"
OPE - Other Program Element
OPTI - Optimization model
OSDS - On-Site Disposal System
OSE - Other Social Effects

P - Phosphorus
P&G - Principles and Guidelines
P&S - "Plans and Specifications (sometimes, Principles and Standards)"
PAC - Post Authorization Change Report
PAL - Planning Aid Letter
PAO - Public Affairs Office
PAR - Planning Aid Report
Pb - Lead
PBAC - Program Budget Advisory Committee
PBCWUD - Palm Beach County Water Utilities District
PCA
- Project Cooperation Agreement
PCE - Project Cost Estimate
PDF - Portable Document Format (Adobe Acrobat)
PDT - Project Delivery Team
PE - Professional Engineer
PE&D - "Planning, Engineering and Design"
PED - Pre-Construction Engineering and Design
PEIS - Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement
PERLND - Pervious Lands Module
PES - Project Executive Summary
PGL - Planning Guidance Letter
PIR - Project Implementation Report
PL - Public Law
PLRG - Pollution Load Reduction Goal
PM - Project Manager
PMBP - Project Management Business Process
PMC - Program Management Committee
PMIS - Project Management Information System
PMP - Project Management Plan
PMS - Performance Monitoring System
POB - Public Outreach Plan
POC - Point of Contact
POCs - Pollutants of Concern
ppb - Parts per billion
PPDR - Pilot Project Design Report
ppm - Parts per million
PPM - Program and Project Management
PPP - Public-Private Partnership
ppt - Parts per thousand
PRB - Project/Program Review Board
PRISM - Project Resources Information System for Management
PROMIS - Programs Management Information System
PSP - Project Study Plan
PSTA - Periphyton-based stormwater treatment area
PTL - Project Team Leader

Q&A - Question and Answer
QA - Quality Assurance
QC - Quality Control
QCM - Quality Control Manager
QCP - Quality Control Plan
QM - Quality Management

R&D - Research and Development
RA - Remedial Action
RAM - Responsibility Assignment Matrix
RAPB - Regional Acquisition Planning Board
RASTA - Reservior-Assisted Stormwater Treatment Area
RD - Remedial Design
RE - Real Estate
RECOVER - Restoration Coordination and Verification
RED - Regional Economic Development Effects
RED - Regional Economic Development
RES - Real Estate Supplement
Restudy - C&SF Project Comprehensive Review Study
RET - Regional Evaluation Team [sub-team of RECOVER]
RFB - Request for Bids
RFP - Request for Proposals
RFQ - Request for Quotations
RIMS - Regional Input-Output Modeling System
RMB - Regional Management Board
ROD - Record of Decision
ROG - River of Grass (used by SFWMD)
ROW - Right of Way
RTU - Remote Terminal Unit

S - Structure
SAC - Senate Appropriations Committee
SAD - South Atlantic Division
SADBU - Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization
SAJ - South Atlantic Division Jacksonville District
SAS - Surficial Aquifer System
SAV - Submerged Aquatic Vegetation
SCADA - Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
SCORP - Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan
SCS - Soil Conservation Service
SDS - Spatial Data Standards
SDSFIE - "Spatial Data Standards for Facilities, Infrastructure and Environment"
SEIS - Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement
SES - Senior Executive Service
SFERTF - South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Task Force
SFWMD - South Florida Water Management District
SFWMM - South Florida Water Management Model
SGGE - Southern Golden Gate Estates
SHPO - State Historic Preservation Officer
SICS - Southern Inland and Coastal System
SJRWMD - St. Johns River Water Management District
SLE - St. Lucie Estuary
SLE Model - St. Lucie Estuary Model
SLR - St. Lucie River
SM - Study Manager
SME - Subject Matter Expert
SMMP - Monroe County Stormwater Management Master Plan
SOE - Save Our Everglades
SOFIA - South Florida Information Access (http://sofia.usgs.gov)
SOP - Standard Operating Procedure
SOR - Save Our Rivers
SOW - Statement of Work
SPIR - Special Project Implementation Report
SPM - Shoreline Protection Manual
SPT - Standard Penetration Test
SQAG - Sediment Quality Assessment Guidelines
SR - State Road or State Route
SRWMD - Suwannee River Water Management District
SSS - Steady State Seepage
STA - Stormwater Treatment Area
STORET - STOrage and RETrieval
SWIM - Surface Water Improvement and Management
SWMP - Monroe County Sanitary Wastewater Master Plan

TBA - To Be Announced
TBD - To Be Determined
TCC - Technical Coordinating Committee
TIME - Tides and Inflows in the Mangroves of the Everglades
TMDL - Total Maximum Daily Load
TN - Total Nitrogen
TOC - Total Organic Carbon
TP - Total Phosphorus
TQM - Total Quality Management
TRC - Technical Review Conference
TSP - Tentatively Selected Plan
TSS - Total Suspended Solids
TVSS - Transident Voltage Surge Suppression

UEC - "Upper East Coast planning region, SFWMD"
US - United States
USACE - United States Army Corps of Engineers (also known as the Corps)
USDA - U.S. Department of Agriculture
USEPA
- United States Environmental Protection Agency
USFWS - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
USGS - United States Geological Survey

VEC - Valued Ecosystem Component
VEM - Value Estimation Model
VES - Value Engineering Study
VTC - Video Teleconference

WBS - Work Breakdown Structure
WCA - Water Conservation Area
WPA - Water Preserve Areas
WQ - Water Quality
WQC - Water Quality Certification
WQPP - Water Quality Protection Program
WRAC - Water Resources Advisory Committee
WRDA - Water Resources Development Act
WRPRG - Water Resources Project Review Group
WS - Water Supply
WTP - Willingness to Pay

Y2k - Year 2000

Zn - Zinc

 

Conversion Tables
Multiply By To Obtain
Inches 25.4 Millimeters
Inches 2.54 Centimeters
Feet 0.3048 Meters
Miles 1.609 Kilometers
Square Feet 0.0929 Square Kilometers
Acres 0.4047 Hectacres
Square Miles 2.590 Square Kilometers
Gallons 3.785 Liters
Cubic Feet 0.02832 Cubic Meters
Acre Feet 1,233.0 Cubic Meters
Pounds 0.4536 Kilograms
Tons 0.9072 Metric Tons
Acre-Feet 43,560 Cubic Feet
Acre-Feet 325,851 Gallons
Cubic Feet Per Second 1.9835 Acre-Feet Per Day
Cubic Feet Per Second 724.0 Acre-Feet Per Day
Million Gallons Per Day 1.55 Cubic Feet Per Second
Square Miles 640 Acres
Square Miles 2.590 Square Kilometers

 

 

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